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Pre-Release Hunting Training And Post-Release Monitoring Are Key Components In The Rehabilitation Of Orphaned Large Felids

rehabilitation-of-orphaned-large-felids

The International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council defines wildlife rehabilitation as ‘the process of providing aid to injured, orphaned, displaced, or distressed wild animals in such a way that they may survive when released to their native habitats’ (http://www.iwrc-online.org). Wildlife rehabilitation in Africa gained popularity in the 1960s after the release of orphaned lions (Panthera leo) in Kenya, followed by other orphaned …

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Naturally Acquired Anthrax Antibodies In A Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) In Botswana

Naturally Acquired Anthrax Antibodies In A Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) In Botswana

In November 2004, attention was drawn to an outbreak of anthrax in a 20,000-ha game reserve, Jwana Game Reserve located in Jwaneng, Botswana (central GPS; 24° 43′ 21.53” E, 24° 31′ 51.89”S), when three captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) died of the disease (Good et al., 2005). The three animals had been fed meat from a dead red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) …

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Large Predator Spoor Survey On Game And Cattle Farmland In Ghanzi Botswana – July 2008

Large Predator Spoor Survey On Game And Cattle Farmland In Ghanzi Botswana

Large Predators such as cheetah Acinonyx jubatus, leopard Panthera pardus, and brown hyena Hyaena brunnea are often found in farming areas and in the case of the cheetah are found at much higher densities in these agricultural zones than in conservation areas (Winterbach 2001; Marker 2002). The reduced competition and kleptoparitism by lion Panthera leo and spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta, …

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Botswana Cat News Special Issue 3 – Cheetah Conservation Botswana Southern Africa

Botswana Cat News Special Issue 3 - Cheetah Conservation Botswana Southern Africa

Historically, cheetah Acinonyx jubatus have been distributed throughout Botswana. With once pristine habitat, very low human populations and one of the largest concentrations of ungulates on the continent, space and prey was plentiful. However, the last 40 years have seen great changes in the natural habitat, with overstocking of livestock, range partitioning, the arrival of deep borehole technology and the …

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Seasonal Home Ranges Of Non-Migratory Zebra In The Central And Peripheral Okavango Delta

Seasonal-home-ranges-of-non-migratory-zebra

The availability and quality of preferred forage changes seasonally (East, 1984), as does the availability of palatable water (Redfern, 2003). It could therefore be expected that herbivores may alter their ranges seasonally, ensuring that they can access the best forage as it becomes available. In the most extreme situations this can lead to a migratory existence (Fryxell, 1987), as discussed …

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Eco Evolution Land Use By Zebras

eco-evolution-land-use-by-zebras

Most large-bodied wildlife populations in sub-Saharan Africa only survive in spatially contained protected regions (Newmark 1996). However, many are still declining because external changes influence ecological processes within conservation areas, leading to a lack of functionality (Western et al. 2009; Fynn and Bonyongo 2010). Wetland ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to external land use changes (Turner et al. 2000). The Okavango …

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A Case Study Of A Zebra (Equus Burchelli) Migration In Botswana

A Case Study Of A Zebra (Equus Burchelli) Migration In Botswana

Historically, migrations or long-distance seasonal movements were common in a wide range of marine, freshwater and terrestrial taxa (Berger, 2004). Terrestrial mammal migrations, defined by Berger (2004) as ‘seasonal movements between discrete areas that are not used at other times of the year’, used to occur in most grassland and boreal forest ecosystems in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America …

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Exploring The Causes Of And Mitigation Options For Human-Predator Conflict On Game Farms In Botswana

Exploring The Causes Of And Mitigation Options For Human-Predator Conflict On Game Farms In Botswana

Available habitat for African wildlife has increasingly been encroached upon by human settlement and agriculture, causing much of the remaining biodiversity to be restricted to fragmented patches. Game ranching has been promoted as an alternative land use which possesses ecological and biological advantages over cattle ranching and may be a means to protect vast areas of land for species conservation. …

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Functional Conservation Areas And The Future Of Africa’s Wildlife

Functional-conservation-areas-and-the-future-of-Africas-wildlife

Many of Africa’s conservation areas (CAs) are experiencing large declines in the size and diversity of their ungulate populations (Whyte & Joubert, 1988; Ben-Shahar, 1993; Williamson, 2002; Owen-Smith & Mills, 2006; Caro & Scholte, 2007; Bolger et al., 2008; Newmark, 2008; Harris et al., 2009; Ogutu et al., 2009; Western, Russell & Cuthill, 2009). We provide evidence from a wide …

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Effects Of Restriction Of Wild Herbivore Movement On Woody And Herbaceous Vegetation In The Okavango Delta Botswana

Effects-of-restriction-of-wild-herbivore-movement

Wildlife movements and migrations are increasingly being disrupted due to ongoing fragmentation of African savannahs (Fynn & Bonyongo, 2011). Free-ranging herbivores that are not subject to restrictions of movement by fences and other human land-use effects generally do not degrade their habitats because their highly mobile foraging strategies continually deflect their foraging to new areas and resources (McNaughton, 1985; Fynn, …

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