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Theory Of Fauna and Flora

Yellow Ottelia - Ottelia ulvifoliaAquatic Plants

Utricularia gibba (Bladderwort) is an aquatic, carnivorous herb.The roots are sometimes free floating.The long, grass-like leaves grow on the water surface.Flowers are golden-yellow and flower year round.The roots have bladders that trap small insects read more…

African Fish EagleBirds

The more pronounced territorial behaviour can be seen in birds of prey.  The area defended by a breeding pair will depend mainly on food availability. The more food that is available in an area the smaller the territory that needs to be defended read more…

Flap-necked ChameleonChameleons

Like the snakes, they have no external ear openings and their hearing is poor. Their bodies are laterally compressed. Their skins are rough with small scales that do not overlap. They can change the colour of their skin depending on the camouflage required read more…

Nile CrocodileCrocodiles

Crocodylia date back 135 to 65 million years. Although there is only one family (Crocodylidae) that falls under the order crocodylia, there are 21 different species to be found in the world and southern Africa has just one of these…the Nile crocodile read more…

Nitrogen-CycleEcology

Ecology is the study of interactions between organism and their relationship to their surroundings and the processes taking place during the interactions. Ecology is a Greek word which, literally translated, means “the study of the house” referring to the study of our earth read more…

Red-breasted TillapiaFish

A fish is a cold-blooded (endothermic) vertebrate animal, living in water, breathing by means of gills, and having fins for stability and movement. Fish are by far the most numerous and diverse group of vertebrates. Fish date back 500 million years ago read more…

Speckled-bellied Grass FrogFrogs

Amphibians are ectothermic vertebrates that, in the adult stage, breathe through their porous skin and lungs. Frogs belong to the order Anura. They are herbivores in the tadpole stage and as adults they become carnivorous vertebrates read more…

broad_scarlet_dragonfly_Crocothemis_erythraeaInsects

Insects are Arthropods which are invertebrates (without a backbone) that have a chitinous (hard) external skeleton, separate body parts and segmented legs. Because of their exoskeleton, arthropods are the most diverse phylum in the world read more…

 

HippopotamusMammals

Females have mammary glands which produce milk for young to suckle. The body is covered in hair at some stage in development. They are endothermic (warm-blooded). The inner ear has a system of 3 highly specialized bones for hearing. The heart is 4 chambered read more…

Barking GeckoLizards

Many are highly specialized showing a variety of specific features. Some species are legless and are often confused with snakes. In the legless forms, evidence of legs is still found. The body is covered with granular scales which can be overlapping or not overlapping read more…

Scorpions

Scorpions are very aggressive and will readily sting. The venom is highly toxic and human deaths have resulted from their sting. When disturbed, they raise their abdomen off the ground and curl their tail up tightly, ready to flick their tail forward read more…

Cape CobraSnakes

These are legless reptiles with a left lung that is either reduced or absent. They lack external ears and they pick up ground and air-borne vibrations. A ligament joins the two halves of the lower jaw and each can move independently read more…

Spiders

Spiders are largely insectivores and play an important role in keeping the insect population in balance. Spiders are not only an important food source for many other animals higher in the food chain but their webs provide nesting material for many bird species read more…

Leopard TortoiseTortoises

The most prominent feature is that they all have an outer shell, consisting of the upper carapace and the lower plastron. They have an internal skeleton contained within the shell. The tortoise is the oldest form of living reptile in the world read more…

Umbrella Thorn - Acacia tortillisTrees

As a guide it is important to have a good knowledge of the plants in your area of operation as well as their taxonomic classification from family to species. Combretum imberbe (Leadwood) is a tall, upright tree with a rounded crown read more…

Clerodendrum uncinatumWildflowers

Gomphocarpus fruticosus (Milkweed, formally: Asclepias fruticosa) is a small shrub with sparse foliage, adventitious roots and leaves are lancelet and exude a milky latex. The flowers are creamy-yellow and the fruit a balloon shape covered with hairs read more…