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Mammals

About Mammals

Hippopotamus

Common Features of Mammals Females have mammary glands which produce milk for young to suckle. The body is covered in hair at some stage in development. They are endothermic (warm-blooded). The inner ear has a system of 3 highly specialized bones for hearing. The heart is 4 chambered. Major Groups of Mammals Monotremes These are the most primitive mammals. The …

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Large-spotted genet

Large Spotted Genet

The large spotted genet is less common in the Okavango than the small spotted genet and is associated with more mature riparian woodlands and forests.

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Springbuck

Springbuck

Springbuck or Springbok is the only gazelle in southern Africa. In Botswana it is common in the dry south, central and western regions. In most dry areas this is the most numerous antelope and the staple diet for the medium to large carnivores such as cheetah.

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Warthog

Warthog

Warthog are common throughout the Okavango Delta

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Vervet monkey

Vervet Monkey

Order Primates Family Cercopithecidae Cercopithecus aethiops A highly gregarious diurnal primate that is predominantly vegetarian. They feed in troops foraging for fruit, seeds and flowers. They are recorded to raid bird nests taking both eggs and chicks and frequently eat insects such as grasshoppers and termites. The troops are female-bonded groups with males dispersing from troop to troop but females …

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Chacma Baboon

Chacma Baboon

Order Primates Family Cercopithecidae- Papio cyanocephalus ursinus The chacma baboon is a highly gregarious diurnal primate. Home ranges of troops may overlap but they generally avoid contact with other troops. When out feeding dominant males tend to move near the front of the troop and dominant females (which are more likely to have young) move in the middle of the …

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Scrub hare

Scrub Hare

Order Lagomorpha Family Leporidae- Lepus Saxatilus Scrub hare are solitary nocturnal herbivores feeding primarily on grass. In order to aid digestion of the grass, hares will pass soft green pellets (mostly during the day time) and these are eaten again. This is known as coprophagy and for animals that eat course material such as grass and are not ruminants that …

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Slender mongoose

Slender Mongoose

Order Carnivora Family Herpestidae- Galirella sanguinea Solitary diurnal predator that feeds predominantly on insects but also takes a good number of lizards, birds, eggs, snakes and occasionally even fruit. Although it is terrestrial, it is the most competent climber of the mongooses and will often forage in trees for nesting birds, hence it is often the victim of mobbing by …

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Smith’s bush squirrel

Smith's Bush Squirrel

Smith’s Bush Squirrel may well be the most common mammal in the Okavango. This small rodent is territorial and prefers mature mopane and other broad-leafed¬† woodlands. Preyed upon mostly by raptors, mambas and small python.

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African wilddog

Wilddog

Order Carnivora, Family Canidae- Lycaon pictus Wild dog are not water dependent but readily drink where water is available. They are diurnal hunters most active in the morning and late afternoon but will hunt under a bright moon. They very seldom scavenge. They are coursers meaning that they do not make much effort to stalk their prey. They simply walk …

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