Order Carnivora Family Felidae Felis serval
Serval are solitary and activity times depend largely on preferred prey. In most areas they are primarily nocturnal but in others they are primarily diurnal. They are stalk and pounce predators that feed predominantly on rodents and birds. The massive ears are adapted to hunting in long grass and swampy habitat where visibility is poor. The long legs allow the serval to move through this terrain easily and improve pouncing ability.
Serval are home-range animals with significant overlap of home-ranges. A dominant males home-range will overlap the home-range of 3-4 females and will constantly check the reproductive status of the resident females by testing where they have scent marked.
Mating takes place throughout the year but peak breeding times are in late summer where 2-3 kittens are born after a gestation of 70 days. They remain with the mother for over a year before dispersing. No reliable records of weaning age are available. Average lifespan in the wild is 17 years.