Cape cobras Elapidae Naja nivea reach 1.6m in length and are variable in colour, going from black through to a light yellow. Diurnal.
Defence: if threatened, they lift their head and neck off the ground and, with the hood spread, face their predators. Although they are unable to spit (see Mozambique spitting cobra) their toxic venom is second only to the boomslang in southern Africa (ml for ml). It is unable to spit but can immobilise its prey with venom from the fixed front fangs.
Food: the diet includes rodents, frogs, various reptiles and fledglings (often climbing trees to eat young birds in the nest)
Habitat: enjoys the drier areas of southern Africa. Does not occur at Kwapa Training Camp or anywhere in the Okavango.
Reproduction: oviparous…she lays up to 20 eggs.
Venom: is neurotoxic.